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University of Mississippi Slavery Research Group
The University of Mississippi


Isaac was an enslaved man hired by the Phi Sigma Society, one of the antebellum literary societies students at the University of Mississippi were required to join. Isaac was one of three slaves employed by Phi Sigma before the Civil War. He worked on behalf of the society from approximately December 1849 to June 1850.

The meeting minutes maintained by Phi Sigma indicate that the enslaved men the society hired performed a variety of tasks, including attending the hall, sweeping the floor, cleaning the spittoons, disposing of trash, bringing water for the meeting, and making fires when necessary.

More information about the work enslaved laborers did on behalf of the Phi Sigma Society can be found here.

See Phi Sigma Debate Society Meeting Minutes, December 8, 1849, February 9, 1850, May 11, 1850, June 15, 1850. Archives and Special Collections, J. D. Williams Library, University of Mississippi.

Profile written by Andrew Marion and Anne Twitty